Quick Pet Vaccine Primer

Vaccine Facts

First and foremost, an annual physical exam by your Veterinarian is the most important preventive measure for your trusted companion. Although it is important to get your pet its "shots", it is equally, if not more important to have your pet examined by your Veterinarian every year, and prior to receiving its shots. A thorough physical exam will alert you to conditions before they become problems, and assure you that your pet is healthy enough to respond properly to the vaccinations. Immunizations start at six weeks of age for dogs, cats, ferrets and pigs. We do not vaccinate pregnant animals.

RABIES

Dogs, cats and ferrets. Required by law at three months of age.
Annual boosters are required, then every three years for dogs and cats.
Annual boosters are required for ferrets.

DOGS

DHLP-PARVO

This vaccine is required for all hospitalized, boarded, or groomed dogs.
Begin injections on puppies between 6 to 18 weeks of age. They need a series of DHLP-P boosters every three weeks until the series is complete (3 to 5 injections).
Start vaccinations as soon as weaned (six weeks of age).
Annual boosters are required after the initial series.
Vaccines include: distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parainfluenza, and parvovirus.

CANINE DISTEMPER
 

 Wait thirty days before getting another dog if you have had one with distemper diagnosed.
 Disinfect with clorox (4 oz/gallon water)

 PARVO VIRUS
 

Give all other dogs boosters if it has been over six months since their vaccinations or if they are less than 6 months of age.
Disinfect with clorox (4 oz/gallon water)

 BORDETELLA

 Vaccination to help prevent "kennel cough", a respiratory infection.
 Kennel cough is extremely contagious. Dogs suspected of carrying kennel cough should be isolated.
 Infected dogs sound like they have a bone in their throat.
 The vaccine is most effective when given more than 48 hours before boarding or training your dog.
 Annual boosters are necessary.

 LYME DISEASE

 Vaccinations are available and recommended for dogs that travel to the northeast or Wisconsin/Minnesota.
 The disease is sporadically present in Ohio.
 Carried by deer ticks.

CATS

Transporting Your Cat To The Vet

A plastic or cardboard cat carrier or crate is a good investment for trips outside the home. It provides cats with a safe, private place. Many cats dislike riding in a car. The carrier also protects you during the ride.

Start vaccinations at 6 to 8 weeks of age.
Vaccinate for Feline Parvo (Distemper, Panleukopenia), Rhinotracheitis, Calici Virus, and
Pneumonitis (RVRCP-C). Feline Leukemia vaccine is also highly recommended for all cats, especially outside cats. Indoor cats can be exposed to viral diseases carried in the air, in dust or on clothing.

 FELINE VACCINATIONS

 FVRCP-C

 Series of 2 to 3 injections and then annual boosters
 4 in 1 vaccine against Feline Panleukopenia and upper respiratory viruses - rhinotrachetis, calicivirus, and chlamydia.

 FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA
 


 FELINE RESPIRATORY DISEASES

 May have virus in body for several years before sick Often flares up when stressed by other diseases They are all highly contagious and are widespread Upper respiratory infections are easily spread from cat to cat by sneezing, etc.  Even a stray cat that seems to be outwardly healthy may be a carrier of the disease and can infect your pet.  Signs of these diseases include: sneezing, fever, nasal discharges, runny nose, coughing, conjunctivitis (eyelid infections) and mouth ulcers. Adult cats should receive a yearly FVRCP-C vaccination

 FELINE LEUKEMIA (FELV)

Is considered to be the leading cause of death in cats  It is a cancer-causing virus that often suppresses the ability to fight other infections
 


 There is no successful treatment once signs develop. Due to the seriousness of this disease, we highly recommend that all cats be tested and, if negative, vaccinated. Cats and kittens over 9 weeks of age receive an initial series of 2 vaccines 3 to 4 weeks apart. After this, a booster is given yearly.

FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS (FIP)

Is a contagious and fatal virus shed in the saliva, urine, and feces of infected cats.  It is the number two infectious killer of cats in the U.S.  Signs may include weight loss, labored breathing, enlarged abdomen, and generalized illness. Cats at risk are outdoor cats and those that live in multiple cat households.  There is no successful treatment once signs appear.

FELINE IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (FIV)

Has been labeled as the cat "AIDS virus" because of its similarities to human AIDS virus.  In cats, the virus is spread through bite wounds or urine.  It is not transmissible to humans.  Like AIDS, it depresses a cats immune system making it susceptible to many secondary infections.  Unfortunately there is no vaccine for this disease.  There is a reliable blood test that can be done alone or in conjunction with the feline leukemia test.

FERRETS
 


PIGS

Pot-bellied pigs receive vaccinations for porcine pneumonia (respisure) and leptospirosis, erysipalis, and parvo (farrowsure). It is very important to get these basic vaccinations and wormings.
Pigs are highly susceptible to lice, mites and parasites.  Breeding pigs should be vaccinated for these and other diseases every 6 months.